|Slow to moderate
|60-100 ft tall, 1-3 ft trunk diameter
|Clay, loam; prefers well-drained
|½ - ¾ inch long needles, blunt tip, green-bluish color and 4 sided
|1 - 2 ¾ inch long; pendulous and slender shape with thin flexible scales
|Deer Browse Risk
|Due to its excellent foliage color, short stiff needles and good nature shape these have been widely used as Christmas trees. They have also been used as windbreaks, wildlife habitats, furniture production and sounding boards for pianos and violins. The tough pliable roots were used by Indians to lace birch bark canoes and making woven baskets.