Rhubarb needs an open, sunny spot. Rhubarb does need a cold period before it will start to put on new growth in spring, however hard frosts may damage the newly emerging growth, so try not to plant in a frost pocket if you can. Prepare the bed well by removing weeds and digging in composted manure, and plant the crowns at intervals of 75cm - 1m, making sure the dormant buds are just below the surface of the soil. Keep watered well and in spring apply a dressing of composted manure, making sure you avoid covering the crown of the plant. You should also remove any flowering stalks which appear. In the second year, you may start to harvest some of the stems, but restrict yourself to between a third and a half of the total crop, leaving the rest to mature on the plant.
The Concord Grape was first developed in 1849 in Concord, Massachusetts by Emphraim Wales Bull, being introduced to market in 1854. Dr.Thomas Bramwell Welch developed the first Concord Grape juice in 1869. Grapes have the best survivability if planted during the dormant season. Concord grapes are cold hardy and easy to grow. They start producing fruit at about 3 to 4 years and the same plants can continue to produce for well over 50 years. These grapes are self-fertile. The vines do get heavy from the fruit so staking them or letting them grow on a fence or trellises works well.
Heritage Everbearing Raspberry is a favorite for its flavor, firmness, and large fruit size. This raspberry is selfpollinating, dark red raspberry that spreads fast and produces a crop in the first year. A hardy plant that does well in the cold climates where other raspberry may not grow. Self-supporting. 5' to 6' tall. These raspberries typically bear fruit producing on first-year wood. Space 30" in a row with 8'-10' between rows.
The Latham Raspberry was first introduced as a hybrid cultivar back in 1921 out of Minnesota, thus making this a very cold, winter hardy variety. The attractive green foliage will begin to bear vibrant red berries after 1 year. The canes are almost thorn-less. Growing up to 10 feet tall with a 10 foot spread, the spacing recommendation is generally 2 feet apart with row spacing at 10 foot.
The Honeoye Strawberry came out of the Cornell Research Station in Geneva, NY. It is a highly productive, large berried perennial. Bearing just after 1 year, they are one of the early harvest varieties ripening in June. Growing at a moderate rate one can expect a mature plant to reach a height between 12 to 18 inches and a 6 to 12 inch spread. With vibrant green abundant foliage, Honeoye Strawberries will remain productive for 3 to 4 years and have a generally good tolerance to diseases and one of the most winter hardy.
Seascape strawberries will produce a high yield starting just a few months after planting, no matter the season. Seascapes are a day-neutral variety which produce a high yield of large, firm berries with outstanding flavor, Seascape Strawberries are a great choice for both home gardens and production settings. With a shallow root pattern, Seascape strawberry plants are a great container choice and are one of the most disease resistant Everbearing varieties.
Martha Washington is generally regarded as a hardy plant, so this plant will survive close to or on freezing temperatures. They will grow up to 9 ¾ inches tall and spread about 1 ½ feet. They prefer full sun. Harvest is usually mid spring. Do not harvest the first year after planting — wait until the second year. Keep clear of weeds and do not disturb roots. May be “hilled up” with compost or mulch in spring to blanch the spears. Most common pest is the asparagus beetle, which may be discouraged if tomatoes are planted nearby.
Jersey Knight Asparagus
Jersey Knight is an extremely vigorous, disease-resistant, all-male variety with excellent flavor. This is a longlasting perennial that will produce tasty asparagus for up to 10 to 20 years. Requiring partial to full sun and planted at a 5 to 6 inch depth, Jersey Knights grow up to 3 to 4 feet tall and 1 ½ to 2 feet wide. They are slightly frost tolerant. Once harvested in the summer, one can expect the rich, nutty and distinct flavor to be used for grilling, salads, steaming, stir fry and even canning.
The President Plum variety is a strong, upright tree that can be a heavy producer. Being of the last plums to ripen in the season, this fruit tree is winter hardy. It is popular in commercial plantings.
The Redhaven Peach is a well-known and popular variety. It originated in South Haven, Michigan back in 1930 and finally introduced in 1940. It grows 20 to 25 feet tall and wide, bearing fruit after 3 to 4 years with peak production at 8 to 12 years. They are tolerant to heat and humidity. They are heavy bearing and cold hardy. The fragrant, pink flowers will develop late to avoid any spring frosts.
The Montmorency Tart Cherry is a spur type tree that is self-pollinating and naturally semi dwarf. Ripening in early to mid-July. Tree requires full sun and aeration and are more cold tolerant than the sweet cherry.
They grow fast at a rate of nearly 24 inches per year. Once mature, they will be on average 15 to 20 feet with a slightly less spread. Flowering exquisite showy white flowers just before the leaves arrive in spring. The leaves are simple, glossy green that alternate on the twig growing up to 3 inches long. They are thick with slight midrib curves folding the edges inward and fine teeth on the margin. Although tolerate to other types, production may be less and are sensitive to salt and drought.
The Wolf River Apple originated from the shores of the Wolf River near Fremont, Wisconsin back in 1875. They are remarkably hardy and typically disease resistant. They can grow up to 12 to 15 feet high and will take 2 to 5 years to bear fruit. They can be widely adaptable. It is recommended to cross pollinate with a different variety for best growing and bearing success, such as the Honey Crisp or Golden Delicious.
The McIntosh is a popular and hardy apple cultivar. In fact, it grows best in cool areas when nights are cold which helps maintain the fruits color and firmness. It is best to spray for apple scab to limit your risk of losing an entire crop, however moderately resistant to other common diseases.
Snow Apples are one of the oldest varieties of apples and a parent of the McIntosh. It is one of the few apples that often reproduce true to variety when it is established from seed. Named for its white flesh and winter hardiness, it originated in France and introduced to Canada and America in the 1700s. The tree has a heavy branching and bearing habit requiring regular pruning.